HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
754 – Saint Boniface, often called the Apostle of Germany, is martyred at the hands of pagan Frisians.
1316 – Louis X, king of France from 1314 and known as “The Quarrelsome”, dies.
1637 – American settlers launch a surprise attack on a Pequot Indian camp at Mystic, Connecticut, slaughtering or burning alive between 500 and 600 inhabitants.
1806 – Holland is declared a kingdom with Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother, as its king.
1849 – Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy with a parliament and freedom of press, association and religion.
1865 – The hymn Onward Christian Soldiers is performed for the first time in Horbury, England.
1872 – Under pressure from the British, Said bin Barghash, the Sultan of Zanzibar, orders his African island’s slave market closed forever.
1900 – British forces take Pretoria, South Africa, from the Boers.
1940 – The Battle of France begins during World War II.
1944 – Allied troops enter Rome; first British gliders touch down on French soil in preparation for D-Day.
1945 – Allied Control Commission assumes control of Germany, which is divided into four occupation zones: Russia to control East Germany; England, France and the United States to control West Germany.
1947 – US Secretary of State George Marshall calls for a massive program of foreign aid to help the European states recover after World War II. It becomes known as the Marshall Plan.
1954 – Greece, Turkey and Yugoslavia announce they have formed a Balkan Alliance.
1965 – US State Department acknowledges publicly for the first time that US ground troops in South Vietnam are engaging in combat in defence of key installations.
1968 – US Senator Robert F Kennedy is shot and mortally wounded after claiming victory in California’s Democratic presidential primary.
1975 – Suez Canal in Egypt reopens to international shipping for the first time since the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
1981 – The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention reports that five gay men in California are suffering from a rare pneumonia found in patients with weakened immune systems. These are the first recognised cases of what becomes known as AIDS.
1988 – Australian Kay Cottee becomes the first woman to sail alone nonstop around the world.
1993 – Nearly 600 refugees are massacred in Liberia, allegedly by rebels led by faction leader Charles Taylor.
1996 – In their first exchange, new Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tells Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat there will “never” be a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.
1998 – The United Nations accuses Yugoslav forces of “atrocities” against their own population in Kosovo, and hundreds of Albanians flee an army offensive in the province.
2001 – The UN marks the 20th anniversary of the first official report on AIDS. An estimated 58 million people have contracted HIV, and more than 22 million of them have died in the last two decades.
2003 – The US and South Korea reach an agreement which will result in the removal of US troops from the demilitarised zone, or the DMZ, that separates South Korea and North Korea.
2004 – Ronald Reagan, who devoted his US presidency to winning the Cold War, dies after a long struggle with Alzheimer’s disease.
2007 – Pipeline diggers unearth a mass grave believed to contain thousands of Jews slaughtered in Ukraine during World War II.
2008 – The United Arab Emirates announces it will name an ambassador to Baghdad, the first Arab country to restore full diplomatic ties to Iraq since the collapse of Saddam Hussein’s regime.
2009 – Sydney’s Royal Prince Alfred Hospital cancer surgeon and star of the RPA TV program, Christopher O’Brien, dies from brain cancer. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, Governor General Quentin Bryce and other dignitaries attend his state funeral on June 11.
2010 – Researchers score the first big win against melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. An experimental drug significantly improved survival in a major study of people with very advanced disease.
2012 – A US drone strike in northwest Pakistan kills al-Qaeda’s second-in-command, the most significant victory so far in the controversial bombing campaign and the biggest setback to the terror network since the death of Osama bin Laden.
2012 – David Gallop resigns as chief executive of the Australian Rugby League Commission after 10 years at the helm.
2014 – ICAC finds former Labor MPs Eddie Obeid and Joe Tripodi engaged in corrupt conduct; Tripodi expelled from ALP.
2015 – Death of WA businessman Alan Bond, who bankrolled Australia’s successful 1983 America’s Cup bid but was later bankrupted and jailed for fraud.
2017 – A 21-year-old Australian man is sentenced to four years in prison in Bulgaria for planning to commit an act of terrorism.
2018 – Bali Nine member Tan Duc Thanh Nguyen dies of liver cancer in a Jakarta hospital, aged 34.
2019 – China successfully launches a rocket from a ship at sea for the first time, the latest step in its plan to become a major space power by 2030.
John Couch Adams, British astronomer (1819-1892); Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (1878-1923); John Maynard Keynes, British economist (1883-1946); Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet (1898-1936); Tony Richardson, British film and theatre director (1928-1991); Martin Vaughan, Australian actor (1931-); Roy Higgins, Australian jockey (1938- 2014); Spalding Gray, actor (1941-2004); Laurie Anderson, US singer (1947-); Kenny G, US jazz saxophonist (1956-); Richard Butler, British singer of Psychedelic Furs (1956-); Brian McKnight, US singer (1969-); Mark Wahlberg, US actor (1971-); Steve “Commando” Willis, Australian fitness trainer (1976-); Pete Wentz, American musician (1979-); Jade Goody, British television personality (1981-2009); Emily Seebohm, Australian swimmer (1992-)
Thought For Today:
In a dream you are never 80 – Anne Sexton, American poet (1928-1974).